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Laravel 搭建微信公众号遇到的问题及解决方案

Smile 2020-10-17 PHP Laravel 阅读:219

简介最近在使用Laravel框架搭建个微信公众号时遇到各种问题,踩了很多坑,调试了很久以及网上查询收集资料才解决遇到的这些问题,下面记录了搭建时遇到的问题以及相应的解决办法

1、先去微信官方获取一个测试微信号,测试微信号已经开通了接口,直接用即可 传送门

2、首先去网上自行下载微信公众号 wx_sample.php 示例文件,在下载官方示例代码中是没有这个文件的,内容如下

<?php
/**
  * wechat php test
  */

//define your token
define("TOKEN", "weixin");
$wechatObj = new wechatCallbackapiTest();
$wechatObj->valid();

class wechatCallbackapiTest
{
	public function valid()
    {
        $echoStr = $_GET["echostr"];

        //valid signature , option
        if($this->checkSignature()){
        	echo $echoStr;
        	exit;
        }
    }

    public function responseMsg()
    {
		//get post data, May be due to the different environments
		$postStr = $GLOBALS["HTTP_RAW_POST_DATA"];

      	//extract post data
		if (!empty($postStr)){
                /* libxml_disable_entity_loader is to prevent XML eXternal Entity Injection,
                   the best way is to check the validity of xml by yourself */
                libxml_disable_entity_loader(true);
              	$postObj = simplexml_load_string($postStr, 'SimpleXMLElement', LIBXML_NOCDATA);
                $fromUsername = $postObj->FromUserName;
                $toUsername = $postObj->ToUserName;
                $keyword = trim($postObj->Content);
                $time = time();
                $textTpl = "<xml>
							<ToUserName><![CDATA[%s]]></ToUserName>
							<FromUserName><![CDATA[%s]]></FromUserName>
							<CreateTime>%s</CreateTime>
							<MsgType><![CDATA[%s]]></MsgType>
							<Content><![CDATA[%s]]></Content>
							<FuncFlag>0</FuncFlag>
							</xml>";             
				if(!empty( $keyword ))
                {
              		$msgType = "text";
                	$contentStr = "Welcome to wechat world!";
                	$resultStr = sprintf($textTpl, $fromUsername, $toUsername, $time, $msgType, $contentStr);
                	echo $resultStr;
                }else{
                	echo "Input something...";
                }

        }else {
        	echo "";
        	exit;
        }
    }
		
	private function checkSignature()
	{
        // you must define TOKEN by yourself
        if (!defined("TOKEN")) {
            throw new Exception('TOKEN is not defined!');
        }
        
        $signature = $_GET["signature"];
        $timestamp = $_GET["timestamp"];
        $nonce = $_GET["nonce"];
        		
		$token = TOKEN;
		$tmpArr = array($token, $timestamp, $nonce);
        // use SORT_STRING rule
		sort($tmpArr, SORT_STRING);
		$tmpStr = implode( $tmpArr );
		$tmpStr = sha1( $tmpStr );
		
		if( $tmpStr == $signature ){
			return true;
		}else{
			return false;
		}
	}
}

?>

3、把这个示例文件封装到 Laravel 的控制器中,结果如下

<?php
namespace App\Http\Controllers;

use Illuminate\Http\Request;
use Illuminate\Support\Facades\Log;
use App\Http\Controllers\Controller;

class WxchatController extends Controller
{
	const TOKEN = 'weixin';//微信验证token

    public function index()
    {
		if(isset($_GET['echostr'])){
		    $this->valid(); //使用valid方法
		}else{
		    $this->responseMsg();//回复用户消息
		}
    }

    //验证消息
    public function valid()
    {
        $echoStr = $_GET["echostr"];

        if($this->checkSignature()){
            echo $echoStr;
            exit;
        }else{
            echo "error";
            exit;
        }
    }

    //处理消息
    public function responseMsg()
    {
		//get post data, May be due to the different environments
		$postStr = file_get_contents("php://input");
		// $postStr = $GLOBALS["HTTP_RAW_POST_DATA"];

      	//extract post data
		if (!empty($postStr)){
                /* libxml_disable_entity_loader is to prevent XML eXternal Entity Injection,
                   the best way is to check the validity of xml by yourself */
                libxml_disable_entity_loader(true);
              	$postObj = simplexml_load_string($postStr, 'SimpleXMLElement', LIBXML_NOCDATA);
                $fromUsername = $postObj->FromUserName;
                $toUsername = $postObj->ToUserName;
                $keyword = trim($postObj->Content);
                $time = time();
                $textTpl = "<xml>
							<ToUserName><![CDATA[%s]]></ToUserName>
							<FromUserName><![CDATA[%s]]></FromUserName>
							<CreateTime>%s</CreateTime>
							<MsgType><![CDATA[%s]]></MsgType>
							<Content><![CDATA[%s]]></Content>
							<FuncFlag>0</FuncFlag>
							</xml>";             
				if(!empty( $keyword ))
                {
              		$msgType = "text";
                	$contentStr = "Welcome to wechat world!";
                	$resultStr = sprintf($textTpl, $fromUsername, $toUsername, $time, $msgType, $contentStr);
                	echo $resultStr;
                }else{
                	echo "Input something...";
                }

        }else {
        	echo "";
        	exit;
        }
    }

    //验证签名
    private function checkSignature()
    {
        $signature = $_GET["signature"];
        $timestamp = $_GET["timestamp"];
        $nonce = $_GET["nonce"];    
                
        $token = self::TOKEN;
        $tmpArr = array($token, $timestamp, $nonce);
        sort($tmpArr);
        $tmpStr = implode( $tmpArr );
        $tmpStr = sha1( $tmpStr );
        
        if( $tmpStr == $signature ){
            return true;
        }else{
            return false;
        }
    }
}

注:PHP7抛弃了HTTP_RAW_POST_DATA,所以这会导致微信公众号API接口提示“该公众号无法提供服务,请稍后重试”,这是一个采坑点,要获取post数据可以用php://input代替,注释$postStr = $GLOBALS["HTTP_RAW_POST_DATA"]; 改成 $postStr = file_get_contents("php://input");

4、接下来注册 Laravel 路由,如下

Route::any('/wechat', 'WxchatController@index')->name('wechat');

注:这里一定要用 Route::any, 因为微信服务端认证的时候是 GET, 微信服务端通过你的服务器向用户发消息时是 POST,之前我用Route::get,导致微信服务端认证成功,接收回复用户消息却提示“该公众号无法提供服务,请稍后重试”

5、在App\Http\Middleware\VerifyCsrfToken里,将该请求路径去除CSRF TOKEN的保护,如下

<?php

namespace App\Http\Middleware;

use Illuminate\Foundation\Http\Middleware\VerifyCsrfToken as Middleware;

class VerifyCsrfToken extends Middleware
{
    /**
     * The URIs that should be excluded from CSRF verification.
     *
     * @var array
     */
    protected $except = [
        'wechat',
    ];
}

注:因为微信服务端通过你的服务器向用户发消息时是POST方式,因Laravel自身提供的请求保卫机制,必须符合csrf token的验证,对方发来的post请求才会被接受,所以这里我们需要将微信验证接入的路由路径如上排除在外

6、在微信公众号后台配置接口如下,验证token接入,如下

注:token令牌应该与WxchatController.php中配置的令牌一致。点击提交,如果提示“提交成功”,那么就接入成功了。如果提示“配置失败”就仔细检查一下配置信息是否正确,代码是否有问题

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